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3D Printing Technology in Ophthalmology
Ann Optom Contact Lens 2019;18:33-40
Published online June 25, 2019
© 2019 The Korean Optometry & Contact Lens Study Society

So Hyun Kim1,2, Jin Sook Yoon, MD, PhD1

Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine1, Seoul, Korea,
Department of Medical Engineering, Yonsei University College of Medicine2, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Jin Sook Yoon, MD, PhD
Department of Ophthalmology, Severance Hospital, Institute of Vision Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, #50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea
Tel: 82-2-2228-3570, Fax: 82-2-312-0541
Received May 9, 2019; Revised May 28, 2019; Accepted May 28, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
3D printing technology may support technology to make 3D shape by stacking necessary materials by utilizing 3D modeling data in various fields. In the medical field, manufacturing a human body model or a surgical guide suitable for the individual characteristics can plan the surgery, which has the advantage of increasing the success rate of the operation. In the field of ophthalmology, many researchers tried to manufacture medical devices using 3D printing, such as implant templates for orbital reconstruction, glasses for patients with facial deformities, retina imaging adapter for retinal photography with a smartphone, trocar- cannulas for ocular vitreoretinal surgery, ocular or orbital prosthesis. Corneal tissue regeneration for corneal transplantation has been tried using 3D bioprinting. Because of the increased use of medical devices manufactured using 3D printers for patients, Ministry of Food and Drug Safety continues to provide guidelines for the regulatory system of customized medical devices using 3D printers. In this review, we provide the basic concepts of 3D printing and the current and future development of customized medical devices that utilize 3D printing in the field of ophthalmology.
Keywords : 3D printing; Corneal transplantation; Medical device legislation; Ocular prosthesis; Ophthalmology

December 2019, 18 (4)